The Bible is inerrant, so we may be assured that there aren’t any true contradictions within the authentic manuscripts. Yet some have tried to state that the Bible erroneously information 20 commandments as an alternative of 10. The declare is that God wrote the Ten Commandments, and Moses wrote ten extra. In this case, nevertheless, there may be not even a contradiction between Exodus 20 and 34, nor are there two units of ten commandments that are completely different in content material. Here are the important thing verses from Exodus 34.
God says He will write on the tablets of stone the Ten Commandments once more:
God instructions Moses to jot down down a listing of guidelines:
In Exodus 34:5-26, God gave Moses commandments that he was to jot down down verbatim. These commandments had been to not make treaties with the inhabitants of Canaan, and to destroy their idols and groves. God additionally instructions Moses to inform the folks to maintain the sacred feasts that He established. These commandments aren’t, nor had been they presupposed to be the identical because the “ten words” or Decalogue. This is obvious by way of the phrase “these words” in verse 27, which refers again to the directions within the earlier verses. The Ten Commandments had been then written by God on the tablets for the second time (Exodus 34:28; Deuteronomy 10:2-Four).
The Source of the Apparent Contradiction: Ambiguous Antecedent
There isn’t any contradiction right here. The solely downside is that the antecedent to the pronoun he’s ambiguous within the second half of verse 28. Therefore, some have tried to power a contradiction right here by claiming that it was Moses and never God who wrote the second set of ten commandments. Remember that it was God who wrote the primary set, and Moses broke them in anger (Exodus 31:18, 32:15-16, 32:19). Although in Exodus 34:28 the antecedent is unclear, different passages make it clear that God additionally who wrote the second set of tablets containing ten commandments.
The Solution to the Apparent Contradiction: Compare Scripture with Scripture
When coping with Scripture, it’s a hermeneutical precept that the unclear passages needs to be interpreted by the clear passages, and when this process is adopted it ought to erase any supposed contradiction in these verses. In Exodus 34:1 states, God instructed Moses, “Cut for yourself two tablets of stone like the first, and I will write on the tablets the words that were on the first tablets, which you broke.” So God said that He could be the One to jot down on the tablets that Moses was supposed to chop.
In Deuteronomy, Moses recounts these particulars to the meeting. He talked about that God gave him the primary set of tablets (Deuteronomy 5:22, 9:10-11; cf. Exodus 31:17-18), which he subsequently broke when he got here down from the mountain (Deuteronomy 9:15-17). After speaking about his interval of fasting and pleading with God to not destroy the folks, Moses instructed the folks in regards to the second set of tablets.
At that point the Lord stated to me, “Hew for yourself two tablets of stone like the first, and come up to Me on the mountain and make yourself an ark of wood. And I will write on the tablets the words that were on the first tablets, which you broke; and you shall put them in the ark.”
So I made an ark of acacia wooden, hewed two tablets of stone like the primary, and went up the mountain, having the 2 tablets in my hand. And He wrote on the tablets based on the primary writing, the Ten Commandments, which the Lord had spoken to you within the mountain from the midst of the fireplace within the day of the meeting; and the Lord gave them to me. Then I turned and got here down from the mountain, and put the tablets within the ark which I had made; and there they’re, simply because the Lord commanded me. (Deuteronomy 10:1-5)
Scripture Provides Its Own Clarity
It is evident then from these passages that it was God who wrote the Ten Commandments or “ten words” on the tablets of stone, and that these Ten Commandments had been the identical which God had written beforehand. Therefore, the unclear antecedent (“he”) in Exodus 34:28 is made clear, and that readability exhibits that God is the creator of the Ten Commandments, written on tablets of stone by His personal finger. The phrase “these words” in Exodus 34:27 refer again to the phrases which God spoke unto Moses in Exodus 34:6-26 and which Moses wrote down per God’s command.